Monday, February 25, 2008

IPsec and DDNS - Where do they meet?

If some one tells you that you require permanent public IP address for connecting offices via IPsec tunnel, then he/she is not up-to-date with the latest offerings.

It is true that original IPsec security gateways do require static public IP address for establishing tunnel. With Dynamic DNS capability built into these gateways, this is no longer the case. As long as there is public IP address (static or dynamic), IPsec tunnel establishment is possible. Both sites participating in the tunnel can have dynamic public IP addresses.

What is Dynamic public IP address?

IP address assigned by ISP is not constant. ISPs can change the IP address that is being assigned from time to time. More often, every time CPE device reconnects (in case of PPP) or require new lease (in case of DHCP), ISPs provide new IP address.

What dynamic DNS?

Dynamic DNS provides fixed domain name, but changing IP address. There are large number of providers (One example: provide services to register for domain name and change the IP address for this domain name through proprietary but well published protocols. CPE device, whenever public IP address changes informs dynamic DNS providers through the protocol. Any peer who needs to communicate with the CPE device will get the latest IP address via DNS protocol. Only limitation is that all peers must communicate with the CPE using domain name.

IPsec and DDNS:

IPsec as an application can make use of domain name to communicate with the peer. IPsec component must have domain name resolution facility to get IP address of peer before connecting to it via IKE. IPsec tunnel establishment can happen even if both the sites have dynamic public IP addresses as long as they have DynDNS capability.

With gateway adoption feature as described in one of previous blog entries, tunnel need not get torn down even if the IP address changes, thus providing seem less connectivity.

1 comment:

VoIP Migration said...

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